The meaning of Taj Mahal is Crown of the Palace.
It is located on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh.
it is one of the most famous iconic symbols of India.
Taj is one of most famous and most popular tourist site of India among all the visitors
It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his loved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Construction of Taj Mahal started in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD, to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The tomb is the centerpiece of a 42-acre complex, with the mosque, guest house and the main gateway on the south.
The construction project employed some 20,000 construction, masons, stone-cutters, carvers, painters, dome-builders and other artisans were invited from the whole of the empire and also from Central Asia and Iran.
Thousand of elephants handled the transport of heavy building materials during the construction project.
Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the main architect of the Taj Mahal.
The estimated cost to construct taj mahal is approximately 52.8 billion rupees (U.S. $827 million).
In World War 2 and the wars between India and Pakistan throughout the 20th century,
the Indian government and people have gone to great lengths to protect their valued landmark from attack.
To this end, architects added scaffolding that concealed the structure from airborne bombers.
Taj Mahal was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India.
It is open from 06:00 to 19:00 weekdays, except for Friday it opened for prayers between 12:00 and 14:00.
the complex is open for two days before and after night view on the day of the full moon.
A myth holds that Shah Jahan planned a mausoleum to be built in black marble as a Black Taj Mahal across the Yamuna river.
Taj Mahal is taken care by the Archaeological Survey of India and the legal protection of the monument
An area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal is defined to protect the monument from pollution.
The TTZ comprises of 40 protected monuments including three World Heritage Sites – Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.